This guide explains how to apply for criminal injuries compensation through the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA). The CICA is a government body that can award compensation to those who have been injured in a violent crime in Great Britain.
Within this guide, we will discuss the application process for claims being made through the CICA and the specific eligibility criteria that will need to be met. Additionally, we will set out the time limits that must be adhered to when starting legal proceedings.
We will also provide some examples of how much criminal injuries compensation could be awarded following a successful claim for various types of injuries. Furthermore, we will share how a No Win No Fee solicitor could help you claim compensation through the CICA.
To ask any questions, such as ‘How do I claim criminal injuries compensation?‘, or to discuss your case in more detail, you can speak to a friendly member of our team. They offer free advice 24 hours a day and you reach them by:
- Calling 0161 696 9685.
- Completing our ‘contact us‘ form to receive a callback.
- Using our free live chat service.
Browse Our Guide
- How To Apply For Criminal Injuries Compensation Through The CICA
- What Is The Eligibility Criteria For CICA Claims?
- Is There A Time Limit When Making A Criminal Injury Claim?
- CICA Compensation You Could Receive From A Successful Claim
- Claim Compensation For A Criminal Injury On A No Win No Fee Basis
- Further Resources About How To Apply For Criminal Injuries Compensation
As previously stated, the CICA are a government body that can award compensation to those who have been injured due to a crime of violence in Great Britain. They administer the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme 2012 which contains a tariff of injuries corresponding to fixed amounts.
When applying for criminal injuries compensation through the CICA you will need to provide the following to make a claim:
- The location and date of the crime.
- The name of the police force you reported the crime to.
- The crime reference number provided to you by the police.
- Medical evidence regarding the injuries you have suffered.
- Details of any applications you have made previously through the CICA.
- Details of any unspent criminal convictions.
After all this information has been submitted, the CICA will use this to assess your claim. As part of the application process, the CICA aim to asses most applications within 12 months. This may be longer if your case is more complex to help ensure that the payment you recieve reflects the injuries you have sustained and their long-term impact.
If you have any additional questions regarding how to apply for criminal injuries compensation, you can contact a member of our advisory team.
When claiming through the CICA for your criminal injuries, certain eligibility criteria will need to be met. These are:
- Your injuries must have been sustained during a crime of violence. Some examples of the what the CICA Scheme includes in their definition of a crime of violence include sexual abuse, assault and arson.
- The crime must’ve occurred in Great Britain or other relevant places. For example, you may be able to claim for a crime that occurred on a ship registered to a country in Great Britain.
- The crime must have been reported to the police.
- You must apply to the CICA within the relevant time limits. We will discuss these in a later section.
Furthermore, before making a claim through the CICA, you will need to demonstrate that you tried claiming compensation via a different avenue or that this was not possible, such as claiming directly against the perpetrator or a vicariously liable third party like a school or employer. For example, if a stab victim did not know who attacked them, they would be unable to claim directly against the perpetrator.
Contact one of our advisors today to see whether you could be eligible to make a claim through the CICA for your criminal injury.
If you are eligible to claim criminal injuries compensation, you must adhere to the relevant time limits.
Generally, there is a 2-year time limit for starting a criminal injury claim through the CICA. This time limit runs from the date of the incident. However, exceptions may be made if you can demonstrate that you were unable to submit your claim within the two year time limit due to exceptional circumstances preventing you.
For child claims being made through the CICA, the time limits are as follows:
- If the incident was reported to the police before the person’s 18th birthday, they have until they turn 20 to start their claim.
- If a report was made to the police on or after their 18th birthday, they will have two years to begin the claiming process from the date the incident is first reported to the police.
The incident should ideally be reported to the police as soon as it’s reasonably practicable to do so. However, considerations can be made if extenuating circumstances prevented you from doing so.
If you’d like us to check how long you have to start a claim for criminal injuries compensation, please speak to a member of our team today.
If your criminal injury claim through the CICA is successful, you’ll be awarded compensation for the injury you’ve suffered.
The value of your claim will be based on the tariff of injuries detailed within the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme 2012. These tariff amounts are fixed. Our compensation table, below, includes some amounts from the CICA tariff of injuries for your reference.
Furthermore, when making a claim through the CICA, you’re allowed to claim for up to 3 injuries. The multiple injuries formula set out by the CICA means that the following awards will be made if your claim is successful:
- 100% of the tariff value for the injury that is valued the highest.
- 30% of the fixed tariff for the second most valuable injury (or one that is the same value as the first).
- 15% of the fixed tariff for the third most or equally highest valued injury.
As mentioned, the table contains figures from the fixed tariff in the Scheme 2012. Please note, however, that the first entry has not been taken from the CICA tariff.
|Fixed Tariff Amount
|Multiple severe injuries with monetary losses
|In addition to compensation for multiple severe criminal injuries, you could receive a payout covering lost earnings and special expenses.
|Up to £500,000
|A very serious brain injury with a signigicant impact on the senses, severe physical limitation, significant reduction in life expectancy and the need for full-time nursing care.
|Major paralysis (other than as a result of brain damage)
|Substantially complete paraplegia (where the lower extremities have impaired sensory and motor function).
|Severe hemiplegia (one half of the body has impariment in sensory or motor function).
|Loss of sight in both eyes.
|Loss of, or complete loss of function of one leg where there
is no remaining leg with useful function.
|Loss of one non-dominant arm.
|Significant scarring with burns that cover over 25% of total skin and affect multiple body parts.
What Are Special Expenses?
If you make a successful criminal injury claim through the CICA, you could also be awarded special expenses. These refer to costs incurred as a result of your criminal injury. A special expenses payment could be made for the following:
- Equipment you need to cope with your injuries, such as a wheelchair.
- Adaptations to your home that are needed to help cope with your injuries, such as installing a stairlift.
- Any equipment that was damaged in the incident that you depended upon as a physical aid, such as your glasses.
- Cost of care that is related to food preparation or your bodily functions.
You will need to demonstrate that these costs directly resulted from your injuries. Additionally, you must be able to show that they were necessary, reasonable and unavailable for free anywhere else.
In certain cases, you may also be able to claim for a loss of earnings if you were unable to work due to your criminal injury. However, other eligibility criteria will need to be met to qualify.
To learn how to apply for criminal injuries compensation for special expenses, loss of earnings and your injuries, you can contact a member of our advisory team. They could also provide you with a free valuation of your case.
If you are eligible to claim compensation through the CICA for your criminal injuries, you may wish to work with a solicitor on your case. If you contact our advisors today to discuss your case, they may connect you with one of the No Win No Fee solicitors on our panel.
All of the solicitors on our panel generally provide their services on a No Win No Fee basis under a Conditional Fee Agreement (CFA). Some of the benefits of using a CFA generally include:
- You don’t need to pay your solicitor upfront for their services.
- While the claim is being processed, there is no charge for their work.
- If the claim fails, you won’t be asked to pay your solicitor for their work.
If compensation is awarded following a successful claim through the CICA, a success fee will be deducted from it by your solicitor. However, there is a legal cap for the percentage that this success fee can be. This helps to ensure that you keep the majority of your compensation.
Contact Our Team
To see if a No Win No Fee solicitor from our panel could help you, you can contact our team of friendly advisors. They are available 24/7 to help answer any questions you may have regarding how to claim criminal injuries compensation.
To connect with them today, you can:
- Call 0161 696 9685.
- Use the “Contact Us” form to receive a callback.
- Use our free live chat service.
Here are a few more of our helpful articles:
- A guide that answers the question, “How long does it take for a CICA claim to come through?” and more information on the CICA claims process.
- This guide explains, “What is the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme?” and reviews when claims are possible.
- Advice on making a CICA claim with a criminal record and whether it could affect your payout.
- Here’s a guide on what to do after you have been assaulted at work and how to claim compensation in such a case.
Further information can be found via these external links:
- Advice on coping with crime from Victim Support.
- How to contact the police to report a crime.
- NHS advice on when to call 999.
Contact our advisors today if you have any further questions regarding how to apply for criminal injuries compensation.