If you’re wondering, “How do I claim criminal injuries compensation?”, this article could help.
There are different ways you could make a claim of this nature, including directly against the perpetrator if they have the means to pay compensation and have been identified. Alternatively, you could claim against a third party who was vicariously liable due to breaching the duty of care they owed and contributing to your criminal injury.
As a last resort, you could be entitled to start a criminal injury claim through the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA). We will focus on CICA claims for the purpose of this guide. The CICA are a government body that can award compensation to those injured in a crime of violence in Great Britain.
Within this guide, we will discuss the eligibility criteria that you must meet in order to make a claim through the CICA. Additionally, we will explain the time limits that must be adhered to and the specific evidence that must be presented when claiming through the CICA.
Furthermore, this guide will share some examples of the tariff amounts that could be awarded for a successful criminal injury claim. This guide will end by taking a look at how one of the No Win No Fee solicitors on our panel could assist you with making a claim.
To discuss your specific case, or to ask any questions, you can contact one of our friendly advisory team members. They are available 24 hours a day to offer you free advice, and can be reached by:
- Calling 0161 696 9685
- Contacting us about your potential claim online so that we can arrange to call you back.
- Using our free live chat service.
Select A Section
- How Do I Claim Criminal Injuries Compensation Through The CICA?
- Is There A CICA Time Limit When Making A Claim For Criminal Injuries Compensation?
- Evidence Needed When Claiming Through The Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority
- What Criminal Injuries Compensation Amount Could You Receive?
- How Do I Claim Criminal Injuries Compensation With A No Win No Fee Solicitor?
- Read More About Making Criminal Injury Claims
If you have been injured in a violent crime, you may be wondering, ‘How do I claim criminal injuries compensation?’. You may be able to claim compensation through the CICA. However, you will need to meet certain criteria to be eligible to make a claim through them. These are:
- You must have suffered your injuries in a crime of violence. The CICA lists some examples of incidents included in their definition of a crime of violence. Sexual abuse and assault as well as physical attack and arson are some examples that they list.
- The incident must have taken place in Great Britain or another relevant place. This could be a boat or ship registered in Great Britain, for example.
- You must have made a report of the incident to the police.
- Your claim must be started within the relevant time limits. We discuss what these are in the next section.
It is also important to note, that making a claim through the CICA must be a last resort if you were unable to make a claim via a different avenue. For example, if you were a stab victim and did not know who stabbed you, meaning you couldn’t claim directly against the perpetrator.
Also, please note that the perpetrator does not need to have been convicted for you to proceed with a claim through the CICA.
To check whether you could be eligible to claim compensation through the CICA, you can speak to one of our advisors using the contact details above.
When pursuing a claim through the CICA, there are certain time limits that must be adhered to when initiating legal proceedings.
Generally, the CICA expects you to have completed the application process as soon as it is reasonably practicable for you to do so. If you were an adult at the time of the incident, this is typically expected to be 2 years from the date of the incident.
Certain exceptions can be made to this two-year claiming timeframe. However, you will need to prove that you could not start your claim within these two years as exceptional circumstances prevented you from doing so.
For those injured under the age of 18 when the incident occurred, the time limits are as follows:
- If the incident was reported to the police before their 18th birthday, they will have two years from their 18th birthday to start the claiming process, unless exceptional circumstances apply.
- If the incident was reported to the police on or after their 18th birthday, they will have two years from first reporting it to the police to begin the claiming process.
There is also a time limit for reporting the incident to the police. You are typically expected to make this report right away, unless you can demonstrate that you were unable to make this report due to exception circumstances.
For further information regarding the CICA claiming process, you can continue reading this guide or contact one of our advisors.
When claiming through the CICA, certain types of evidence will need to be presented, regardless of the type of criminal injury claim you are making through them. These are:
- A reference number from the police to prove that you reported the crime to them.
- Evidence that you meet the CICA residency requirements.
- Medical evidence showing the injuries you suffered can be compensated for via a CICA claim.
It’s important to note that the CICA will be able to liaise with the police for any additional information they may need regarding the incident for your claim.
If you’d like to check if you have a valid claim, you can contact a member of our advisory team using the details listed above.
If you make a successful claim through the CICA, you will be awarded compensation for the criminal injury you have suffered.
Furthermore, you injury will be valued in accordance with the tariff of injuries set out within the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme 2012. These tariff amounts are fixed, and we have included some examples of them in our table below.
Additionally, you can claim for up to three injuries under the CICA. When claiming for 2 or more injuries, these will be subject to the multiple injuries formula. This means you will receive the following if your claim is successful:
- 100% of the listed tariff amount for your highest-valued injury.
- 30% for the second-highest valued, or an injury of equal value.
- 15% for the third-highest, or an injury of equal value.
You could also receive an additional payment that is not subjected to this formula if you became pregnant, lost a pregnancy or contracted a sexually-transmitted disease (STI) due to the criminal incident.
Please note, the first line in our table is not from the CICA’s fixed tariff of injuries.
|Type of Injury
|Multiple Severe Injuries Plus Financial Losses
|You could receive a payment for lost earnings and special expenses as well as other injuries.
|Up to £500,000
|Causing severe physical limitation, significant reduction in life expectancy and significant impact on the senses. The person requires full-time care.
|Major paralysis (not resulting from brain damage)
|Paraplegia (impaired sensory function or motor function having an affect on the lower extremities)
|The paraplegia is substantially complete.
|Hemiplegia (motor or sensory function is impaired and affects one half of the body)
|The hemiplegia is severe.
|Quadriplegia (motor or sensory function of the upper and lower extremities is affected)
|Substantially incomplete quadraplegia affecting both lower and upper limbs.
|Complete loss or loss of function
|One leg is affected and there is no remaining leg with any useful function.
|Loss of one dominant arm.
|Significant scarring caused by burns that cover over 25% of total skin and affect multiple body parts.
|Permanent mental injury
|Seriously disabling and permanent mental injury confirmed by a psychologist or psychiatrist.
Claiming Financial Losses In Criminal Injury Claims
On top of any compensation awarded from the fixed tariff, CICA payouts can include a special expenses payment. This refers to costs you may have incurred due to your injury. Some examples include the cost of:
- Any home adaptations you require to cope with your injuries, such as a stairlift.
- Physical aids that were damaged in the incident that you depended upon as a physical aid, such as glasses.
- Any equipment needed to cope with your injuries, such as a mobility car.
- Costs of care that relate to preparing food or your bodily functions.
You will need to demonstrate that these expenses were necessary, reasonable and directly resulted from your injuries. You must also prove that they cannot be obtained for free anywhere else.
It is also possible to claim a loss of earnings payment as part of your criminal injury claim payout if you were unable to work because of your criminal injury.
There are different criteria that will need to be met in order to qualify for a special expenses or loss of earnings payment.
To learn more about these criteria, you can contact our advisors. They could also help answer questions such as, ‘How much criminal injuries compensation could I receive for my case?’.
You may want to consider working with a solicitor when making a claim for criminal injury compensation. If you contact our advisors to discuss your case, they may connect you with one of the No Win No Fee solicitors on our panel.
All the No Win No Fee solicitors on our panel generally offer to represent eligible claimants under the terms of a Conditional Fee Agreement. With this agreement in place, some of the benefits include:
- You do not need to pay for your solicitor’s work upfront.
- There is no charge for your solicitor’s work while the claim is progressing.
- You will not be required to pay your solicitor for their work if the claim ends unsuccessfully.
If you are awarded compensation, the solicitor who worked on your case will deduct a success fee from this. This is taken as a percentage. However, there is a legal limit in place that caps the percentage that this success fee can be ensuring you keep the majority of your settlement.
To discuss your case, or ask any questions you may still have, such as, ‘How do I claim criminal injuries compensation?”, you can contact one of our advisors. There is no cost involved in getting in touch so you can receive advice and have your questions answered for free.
As well as providing you with free advice, they could also connect you with a No Win No Fee solicitor on our panel if it seems like you have a strong claim.
To speak with our advisors, you can use the following details:
- Call 0161 696 9685
- Contact us about your claim online and we’ll get back to you.
- Use our free live chat service.
Here are some more of our helpful guides:
- Advice on how making a CICA claim with a criminal record can affect your payout.
- A guide that answers the question, “What is the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme?” and explains when claims are possible through the CICA.
- This guide answers the question, “How long does a CICA claim take to come through?” as well as further information on claims made through the CICA.
- If you were assaulted at work find out how you can claim compensation by reading this guide which should answer a lot of your questions.
Here are some further external links that might also be helpful:
- Victim Support – Information on coping with crime.
- NHS – When to call 999.
- Police.UK – Report a crime or incident.
If you are still wondering, “How do I claim criminal injuries compensation?” please contact one of our advisors.