How Long Does It Take For A CICA Claim To Come Through And How Much Compensation Could You Receive?

By Stephen Kane. Last Updated 30th May 2024. If you were the victim of a crime of violence and you suffered mental or physical harm, you could seek compensation through the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA) when there is no other option. The CICA is an executive agency of the Government. It was set up to provide compensation to those who are harmed by violent events when they have no other avenue to claim compensation. Therefore, for the CICA to accept a compensation claim you must meet specific criteria. This includes proof your injuries happened through no fault of your own. Submitting a claim through the CICA scheme can prove challenging and there is a strict time limit that must be respected.

Our guide offers vital information on how to prove you were not responsible for your injuries. The guide provides advice on what you could include in a claim through the CICA, and we explain how money awarded is worked out.

We offer information on the value attached to this type of claim. We provide advice on how long a case may take to settle through the CICA scheme, and why there might be a delay in reaching a final settlement.

For free legal advice and to see whether you could be represented by a No Win No Fee solicitor, please get in touch with a member of our team on 0161 696 9685, or to continue reading through our guide just click on the sections below.

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Select a Section

  1. How Long Does Criminal Injuries Compensation Take To Come Through?
  2. When Could You Make A CICA Claim?
  3. What Types Of Criminal Injury Could I Claim Compensation For?
  4. Examples Of CICA Payouts
  5. Could I Claim Special Expenses?
  6. Time Limits For A CICA Claim
  7. Why Could A CICA Claim Payout Be Delayed?
  8. No Win No Fee Injury Solicitors For CICA Claims
  9. Resources

How Long Does Criminal Injuries Compensation Take To Come Through?

If you are considering making a criminal injury claim, you may be wondering, “How long does criminal injuries compensation take to come through?” It is important we emphasise that there is no set timeframe for criminal injuries compensation to be paid out.

Factors that can influence how long it takes to receive compensation include:

  • How severe your injuries are and what medical treatment you require.
  • The duration of the police investigation.
  • Acquiring relevant evidence from the Police and healthcare providers.

On its website, the CICA states that it aims to assess and resolve the majority of cases within 12 months. However, they also state that more complex cases may take longer than this. Once you accept the compensation offer, the CICA aim to pay this out within 20 working days.

If you have any questions about the timescales in CICA claims or would like to get a free assessment of your eligibility, contact our advisory team today using the contact details provided above.

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When Could You Make A CICA Claim?

You may be eligible to make a CICA claim for criminal injuries if the following applies:

  • You were injured in a crime of violence. 
  • The crime of violence occurred in England, Wales, Scotland or another relevant place (such as onboard a ship registered to one of these countries).
  • You have reported the crime that has caused your injuries to the police. A claim cannot be submitted to the CICA if the crime has not been reported to the police.
  • You are starting your claim within the relevant time limit. You can find out more about the time limit for CICA compensation claims further on into this guide.

If all the above applies, then you may be able to start the process of a claim through the CICA, even if the assailant has not been convicted or caught.

To ask questions about claiming compensation from the CICA, contact our team for free today. Our advisors can answer questions such as “how long does a CICA claim take?” or discuss criminal compensation payouts with you.

What Types Of Criminal Injury Could I Claim Compensation For?

You can submit a CICA claim if you were the direct victim of a crime of violence in Great Britain and you suffered physical, psychological harm or both. You must meet specific criteria and be eligible for your case to be accepted under the Scheme.

If your case is accepted, the amount awarded is based on a tariff scheme and your injury must be listed in the CICA tariff of injuries. The sort of injuries accepted include the following:

If you witnessed a loved one being assaulted you may be entitled to claim compensation if you suffered mental trauma.

You could be entitled to claim if you were at the scene of the crime immediately after the incident. The definition of ‘immediate’ in this instance is the time straight after an assault that left a loved one injured. The mental injury must be a direct result of what you witnessed and a report provided by a clinical psychologist or psychiatrist must accompany your claim.

For more information and free legal advice, please get in touch with a member of our team today.

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Examples Of CICA Payouts

Compensation for victims of violent crime will be calculated using the fixed amounts in the tariff of injuries found in the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme 2012. You can claim for up to three injuries from the main tariff. However, your claim for criminal injuries compensation will be subject to the multiple injuries formula. You could receive:

  • 100% of the tariff for the highest valued injury.
  • 30% of the tariff for the injury with the second highest value, or one that is of equal value to the first.
  • 15% of the tariff for the third injury, or one of equal value.

In addition, the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme awards other payments that are not subject to this formula that you might qualify for. These include if you became pregnant, lost a pregnancy, or contracted a sexually transmitted disease (STD) as a result of the violent crime.

Our table below looks at a few of the tariffs that could be relevant to victims of violent crime. However, the top row is not from the tariff of injuries but instead provides guidance on how an award from the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority could be valued if you are claiming for multiple injuries and special expenses. As every claim for criminal injuries compensation is different, the table is only for guidance and does not represent the overall value of your award.

InjurySeverityNotesCICA Tariff
Multiple Serious Injuries and ExpensesVery SevereCICA payouts may include compensation for multiple injuries, plus special expenses and loss of earnings.Up to £500,000
Brain DamageVery Serious Brain InjuryFor this tariff, the injured party requires full time nursing care due to their symptoms, including lacking useful physical movement, some effect on senses but with some degree of insight, little or no meaningful responses to their surroundings and double incontinence. £250,000
Major Paralysis - Paraplegia Substantially CompleteThis tariff compensates for substantially complete motor function and/or sensory function impairments in the lower limits.£175,000
HandLossThis tariff compensates for the loss of, or lost functioning of both hands.£110,000
Fingers and ThumbsLossThe claimant has lost both of their thumbs.£55,000
KidneySeriousFor this tariff, the injured party would have suffered serious and permanent damage to either both kidneys or their remaining kidney. This tariff also covers the loss of both kidneys.£55,000
EarDeafnessThis tariff compensates for permanent deafness in both ears.£44,000
TongueLossThe claimant has lost their tongue.£44,000
HipSignificant DisabilityThis tariff applies to continuing significant disability as a result of fractures or dislocations to both hips.£16,5000
Femur (Thigh Bone) Significant DisabilityThe claimant suffers continuing significant disability as a result of fractures to both legs.£11,000

In addition, you might also be eligible for payments covering special expenses and your loss of earnings. We look at this shortly. If you have any questions about how much you could be awarded from the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme, please speak to a member of our advisory team.

Amounts From The CICA – Should I Accept The First Offer?

From our experience, we would recommend that you consider if the criminal injuries compensation you have been offered is enough and whether it covers any special expenses incurred because of your injuries.

Although the CICA has set compensation amounts outlined in the criminal injury compensation tariff, you may feel your injury has been miscategorised. This can be true if you have suffered psychological injuries, which might prove difficult to diagnose.

However, a solicitor from our panel could help you gather more evidence to boost the compensation amount offered by the CICA. A psychological assessment could be arranged to prove the extent of any mental health harm.

Get in touch if you would like to work with an expert No Win No Fee solicitor from our panel. They can help you collect supporting evidence for your CICA psychological injury claim.

Could I Claim Special Expenses?

The authority could pay special expenses if:

  • They are necessary
  • You incurred the expense as a direct result of the injury you are claiming for
  • Be reasonable

Special expenses cover the financial repercussions of the injuries you have suffered. They are intended to help you cope with any financial fallout that has been caused due to your injuries. But the CICA will only cover the cost when it cannot be covered elsewhere through the NHS and benefits system for example.

Other things you may be able to include in a claim are:

  • Physical aids include specially-adapted vehicles, walking aids, wheelchairs, kitchen implements which are absolutely necessary and not just ‘desirable’ and which cannot be sourced elsewhere free of charge
  • Home adaptations on the interior and exterior of your property with proof that these are necessary and that similar adaptations cannot be sourced elsewhere
  • Care costs include help bathing, toileting and incontinence management, meal preparation, and supervision. You must prove that the care required cannot be provided free of charge from another source
  • Loss of earnings, or earning capacity, because you are unable to work for longer than 28 weeks

The CICA would need a copy of your assessment needs which your local authority would provide. This assessment shows the things which the NHS or local authority are unable to provide.

Payments through an insurance policy would be deducted from the amount you receive in special expenses as well.

A No Win No Fee lawyer can assist you when making a claim for compensation through the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority. For more assistance, please call a member of our team today.

A black and white image of a man going upstairs holding a knife.

Time Limits For A CICA Claim

You have to submit your claim within 2 years from the date of an assault that left you injured to make a claim through the CICA. That said, time limits can be extended when exceptional circumstances apply.

If you were making the claim against the defendant instead of through the CICA your time limit would be longer. Generally three years.

If you are unsure as to whether you still have time to submit a claim to the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority, please contact a member of our team who would be happy to assess your case before advising you on how best to go forward.

Exceptions To The Two Year Time Limit

You can submit a claim after the 2-year time limit expires, but only in exceptional circumstances or the following applies to your case:

  • You are a minor
  • The case involves historic sexual abuse

To discuss a claim through the CICA, and for free legal advice, please contact one of our advisors today.

No Win No Fee Injury Solicitors For CICA Claims

If you are eligible to make a CICA claim for your criminal injuries, one of the solicitors on our panel could help you with your case. Furthermore, they may offer their services on a No Win No Fee basis under a Conditional Fee Agreement.

Under this arrangement, you will not be required to pay any upfront or ongoing fees for your solicitor’s services. Furthermore, you will not have to pay them for the work they have done on your claim if it fails.

Alternatively, you pay them a success fee if they succeed with your claim. This success fee is a legally capped percentage that will be deducted from your CICA compensation.

To find out if you could be eligible to work with one of the solicitors on our panel or for further examples of CICA payments for successful claims, you can contact our advisors.

Contact an advisor by:

Criminal Injuries

A No Win No Fee solicitor can support a claim for criminal injuries.


We hope you found this guide helpful. If you have any further queries about how long a CICA claim could take, don’t hesitate to get in touch with us at any time.

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