Rape is one of the most traumatic crimes that can happen to a victim and can leave them injured, feeling vulnerable and suffering from physical and mental health issues such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Coming to terms with rape can be very difficult but at some point, you may wish to seek compensation for the crime that was committed against you. If you’d like to begin a no win no fee claim today, using our no win no fee service, then you can call our team on 0161 696 9685 and one of our advisers will talk you through how we can help and the claims process.
This guide will cover how much compensation for rape victims (and other sexual assaults) can be awarded so, if you would like more information before calling then please carry on reading.
Select A Section
- A Guide To Rape Victim Compensation Claims
- Rape Victim Personal Injury Compensation Calculator
- Additional Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority Claim Calculator
- Assault Victim Case Study – £500,000 For Injuries Caused By Assault
- I Have Been Raped, What Can I Claim Compensation For?
- What Is Considered To Be Rape?
- Statistics For Sexual Offences, Including Rape, In The UK
- The Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA)
- How Do You Make A Claim Through The Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority?
- How Are Injuries To Rape Victims Assessed?
- What Can The Long-Term Effects Injuries To A Rape Victim Be?
- Can I Claim Compensation For Injuries Suffered During A Rape?
- Can Rape Victims Claim Compensation For Psychological Injuries?
- How Long Do I Have To Make A Rape Or Sexual Assault Compensation Claim
- How Do I Make A Rape Victim Compensation Claim?
- No Win No Fee Compensation Claims For Rape And Sexual Assault Victims
- How Our Team Can Advise You Further
- Get Advice From Our Experts
- Additional Advice And Information
A Guide To Rape Victim Compensation Claims
According the Office of National Statistics (ONS), there were over 40,000 cases of rape reported to police in 2017 and over 80,000 other sexual offences. There could be more than this as many victims don’t ever report the crime which has been committed against them.
Obviously, if you’ve been a victim of rape, you’re first thought is not going to be about how much compensation you may be entitled to but, in time, you may wish to begin a claim as there is a scheme (the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme, CICA) which can provide funds to help you recover from your injuries (whether they be physical or psychological).
In this guide, we’ll cover the CICA scheme in more detail, explain what compensation you can claim, we’ll cover the legal definition of rape, explain the time limits involved in claiming and explain how Advice.co.uk can help with a no win no fee claim.
We understand how difficult it might be to discuss such an invasive crime with another person so our friendly team will work at your pace and deal with your claim sympathetically and without putting any pressure on you.
You should also remember that schemes like CICA are in place to help you to recover, where possible, from physical and psychological injuries so you should seriously consider making use of the scheme.
Rape Victim Personal Injury Compensation Calculator
It can be quite trick to assess how much compensation for rape victims is awarded under the CICA scheme because it has various different crimes and injuries defined within it and each has an associated ‘Standard Amount’ payment associated with it.
It can be difficult to ascertain where your injuries, both physical and mental, fit in to the range of payments so the job of your personal injury solicitor is to provide enough evidence to prove how severely you were affected by the crime against you.
The table below has some of the values associated with rape and sexual assault crimes from the CICA payment schedule:
|Type of Injury||Severity Range||Compensation Range||Information|
|Rape or Sexual assault||Minor/Serious/Severe||from £11,000 to £44,000||The amount of compensation awarded will be calculated based on the severity of the incident and the amount of physical damage|
|Psychiatric Damage||Minor/Serious/Severe||from £3000 to £88,000||The amount of compensation will be based on the amount of psychological damage caused to the victim|
|Jaw||Serious||£24,300 to £36,310||This is a category for serious and multiple jaw fractures requiring a lot of treatment and permanent damage.|
|Arm||Serious||£31,220 to £47,220||Injuries which cause a serious fracture of both or one forearm which results in serious and significant permanent disabilities.|
|Leg||Serious||£31,250 to £43,710||Serious injuries to ligaments, joints or fractures of the leg which results in a lengthy period of treatment, instability and an increased risk of arthritis|
|Face||Very Severe||£23,740 to £77,580||Cases of very severe facial scarring causing severe psychological issues especially in younger claimants.|
|Face||Less Severe||£14,320 to £38,600||Less serious scarring but still substantial and which causes a significant psychological impact.|
|Face||Trivial||£1,360 to £2,810||Scarring which is very minor and no psychological effect.|
Additional Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority Claim Calculator
In cases of rape and sexual assaults, victims will often have been involved in a struggle with the perpetrator. As such, victims of rape could have sustained multiple injuries. Whilst the most common rape injuries will often be genital injuries, as a victim of a rape or sexual assault, you may have also have suffered widespread injuries, both physical and psychological.
In the below compensation calculator, we have included additional information about a variety of other physical and psychological injuries that people can suffer in cases of rape and sexual assault.
|Injury or reason for claim||Severity of injury||How much you could claim||Comments and notes|
|Psychiatric damage||Severe||£48,080 to £101,470||Psychological injuries which affect the claimants ability to copy with life, work, and/ or education. Will leave the claimant vulnerable in the future.|
|Psychiatric damage||Moderately severe||£16,720 to £48,080||Whilst there will be a severe effect on the claimant going forward, it will not be as pronounced as the above category.|
|Psychiatric damage||Moderate||£5,130 to £16,720||Whilst claimants will have faced the same problems as the above categories, there is a much better future prognosis.|
|Post-traumatic stress disorder||Severe||£52,490 to £88,270||Could be caused by trauma associated with sexual violence and trauma. This will have a severe effect on the person injured.|
|Post-traumatic stress disorder||Moderately severe||£20,290 to £52,490||Whilst the person will suffer similar symptoms as the above category, there is a better prognosis.|
|Post-traumatic stress disorder||Moderate||£7,170 to £20,290||Much more moderate symptoms with a much better prognosis.|
|CICA sexual assault claim||An assault which results in serious (internal) bodily injuries||£22,000||Includes the non-consensual penetration of one or more of vagina, anus or mouth|
|CICA sexual assault claim||Severe||£27,000||Circumstances as above, resulting in a severe mental illness|
The Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority or CICA is a body set up by the government to compensate victims of criminal injuries. We shall look at claims made through the authority later in this guide, but compensation settlements are between £1,000 and £500,000. We should note that in certain cases, people can and have secure higher amounts of compensation, though such claims may not have been made through the CICA.
Assault Victim Case Study – £500,000 For Injuries Caused By Assault
In this case study, we will look at an example of how much victims of criminal assaults can claim through the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority. In this case, the assault resulted in the victim suffering a traumatic brain injury. The claim was finally brought eight years after the initial assault.
What injuries did the victim suffer
At the time of the assault, the victim was just 23 years old. As a result of the assault, they suffered a skull fracture, haematoma and contusion. The extensive nature of the head and brain injuries required immediate surgical intervention, including a partial temporal lobectomy and temporal craniotomy on the left side. There was extensive scarring, and the claimant was left with mental difficulties including problems with memory and communication.
As a result of the injuries, the claimant also suffered detrimental effects, such as behavioural problems, finding problems with motivation and difficulties independently carrying out or completing tasks. Further symptoms and effects of the injury included post-traumatic epilepsy. This condition would require long-term therapy and treatment. Therapy was identified to reduce the future chances of seizure from 50% down to 10%.
Further injuries included weakness across his right-hand side, poor balance and an unstable gait in the right leg, as well as weakness.
Consequences of the victims’ injuries
As a result of the assault, the claimant required constant care from their parents and was rarely able to leave their home. Without parental assistance, they would require care on a 24-hour basis.
On the basis of the above injuries resulting from the assault, a claim was made via the CICA. An initial settlement offer of around £17,000 was made. However, this was based on an estimation of ‘moderate brain damage’, and the award did not include the cost of the claimants care. Upon appeal, further evidence was supplied by both a neurosurgeon and neuropsychiatrist. The injury was then reclassified as a severe and traumatic brain injury.
This appeal was subsequently accepted on the basis of the additional evidence. The cost of the claimants’ care was estimated at £2.6 million pounds. The maximum award payable under the CICA, £500,000 was awarded.
I Have Been Raped, What Can I Claim Compensation For?
CICA defines three types of damages which can be claimed for under its scheme: injury payment lost earnings and special expenses. We’ll cover each of these in more detail below:
- Injury Payment: Under other personal injury claims (not using CICA) these would be called General Damages and they cover the pain and suffering caused. The injury payment is the compensation for a rape victim’s mental and physical injuries.
- Special Expenses: These cover the extra costs that you may incur following the crime against you such as the replacement of personal property that was damaged during the attack, costs of medical care, devices that aid your day to day recovery or adaptations that have to made to your house.
- Lost Earnings: If, because of the rape, you are not fit to work (either physically or psychologically) then you could claim for lost earnings. You’d need to prove that the loss of work was linked directly to the crime against you.
You should speak with one of our advisors if you have any questions about what can and can’t be claimed for under the CICA scheme. The scheme is not exclusively for rape victims and can cover other injuries caused by crime so please let us know as much detail as possible in case other claims might be relevant.
What Is Considered To Be Rape?
The key differentiator between rape and sexual assault is that penetration occurs with the penis or other body part in either the anus, vagina or mouth of another person, against their will.
Statistics For Sexual Offences, Including Rape, In The UK
Rape and sexual assault crimes are recorded by the ONS annually and they don’t exclusively rely on police data as it is well known that not all victims of such crimes report them to the police. Instead they use the Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) which also means changes in police reporting methods don’t affect the statistics.
Some key stats from the CSEW include:
- In 2016, an estimated 510,000 women and 138,000 men (aged between 16 and 59) experienced sexual assault.
- 5 in 6 victims of rape and sexual assault did not report the crime to police.
- 20% of women and 4% of men have experienced some form of sexual attack since the age of 16
Police statistics include:
- In 2017 there were 80,001 reports of sexual offences and 41,186 of rape
- 88% of rape victims (reported to the police) were female, 12% male
- The highest percentage of sexual assaults in 2017 were against female victims aged 16 to 19 years old.
The CSEW defines all sexual assaults and rape in the same category (for reporting purposes) whereas the police definition sexual assault excludes rape (i.e. there was no penetration but was unwanted touching).
The Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA)
CICA was set up by the UK government to compensate any victim of physical or mental assault crimes. They provide over £200 million pounds in compensation each year and provide a tariff of payments for different types of specific injuries caused by crime.
There is no specific rape victim compensation scheme but those affected by rape can claim via the CICA scheme for both physical and psychological injuries even if the criminal who committed rape has never been identified or caught.
How Do You Make A Claim Through The Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority?
It is possible to obtain the claim forms for CICA claims via the government website but there can be some complexity with claiming, which done incorrectly, could lead to no payment or a lower amount than you should be entitled to.
This is why we recommend you use a service like Advice.co.uk to ensure you have the backing of a specialist solicitor who knows exactly what’s needed to make a successful CICA claim.
The considerations that CICA make are:
- If the crime was reported to the police or not.
- If treatment for any injuries was obtained by the victim.
- Witness statements, medical reports and psychiatric reports.
- The actual crime and how it occurred.
- The victims own criminal record.
It’s not the case that CICA would try to prevent you from being paid but providing the wrong information could result in a lower than expected payment (or nothing at all) so please speak with our advisers if you’re unsure about how to proceed.
How Are Injuries To Rape Victims Assessed?
With regards compensation for rape, CICA has to assess how severe any psychological and physical injuries are. This ensures that the correct level of compensation is awarded to the victim.
Claims can be made for new injuries caused by the rape or by existing injuries that were made worse because of the crime. If there are multiple injuries, then the most severe is compensated fully and then subsequent injuries receive a reduced percentage of the tariff amount.
What Can The Long-Term Effects Injuries To A Rape Victim Be?
Some rape victims may be left with long term physical or psychological injuries whilst some may recover from their physical injuries fairly quickly but be left with long term psychological issues.
Issues such as depression, fear, withdrawal, disassociation, self-harming and personality disorders can be common and lead to issues with the victim not being able be involved in relationships, keep their job or live the same type of life as prior to the crime happening.
Physical long-term issues can include sexually transmitted diseases which aren’t immediately detectable. Also, a victim of rape can receive life-changing physical injuries which mean they have to rely on support or care from others.
Can I Claim Compensation For Injuries Suffered During A Rape?
As mentioned previously, under the CICA scheme, rape victims can seek compensation for any physical injuries sustained during the attack. Multiple injuries can be compensated for but only the main injury will receive a 100% payment from CICA, any other injuries will receive a percentage of the payment. CICA pays out for a maximum of 3 injuries except where the victim contracts a sexually transmitted disease, becomes pregnant following rap or the rape causes the loss of a baby.
If you do want to claim for compensation because you were raped, then there are some things which will help to make the claim more likely to be successful:
- Keep any evidence that you can: Don’t remove your clothing or be tempted to shower or bath as you may destroy DNA evidence that could be used to trace the criminal.
- Report the rape to the police: Either visit the police, call 999 or contact the Rape Crisis helpline to report the crime as soon as can.
- Write down details of the assailant: If the rapist is unknown to you, try to write down as much detail about them as you can remember.
- Report the crime: If you have been raped in a public place such as a hotel or workplace, ensure you report the incident and ask for a copy of the report.
- Visit a medical professional: Following a rape you should visit a doctor (or the police may provide one) so that you receive any necessary treatment and for evidence to be collected.
- If you have any expenses because of the rape, and you’d like to claim them back as part of the compensation claim, keep evidence such as receipts or bank statements.
Finally, make contact with a personal injury specialist, such as Advice.co.uk, if you are going to make a compensation claim. Remember that there are time limits for claiming (see below for further information on this), so it is advisable to contact a solicitor or claims company as soon as you feel ready to so that you don’t miss out because of the time restriction.
Can Rape Victims Claim Compensation For Psychological Injuries?
There are many psychological injuries and problems that can occur following rape and these may be compensated for under CICA.
Post-traumatic stress disorder, low self-esteem, eating disorders, sexual disorders, depression and mood swings could all be eligible for compensation.
The CICA scheme exists to help victims of crime, including rape, and you should never dismiss making a claim as the funds are meant to be used to try and improve your life following a crime against you.
How Long Do I Have To Make A Rape Or Sexual Assault Compensation Claim
The table below outlines the time limit for rape and sexual assault victim to make a claim from CICA. It is important that you claim within these time limits as they are very strict and if you fail to report or claim within the time period, your claim will be dismissed.
|Type of Claim||Time Limit|
|Rape or Sexual Assault CICA claim||2 years|
As you can see, the time limit of 2 years under CICA rules, is less than the normal 3 years that personal injury claims in the UK are usually allowed. It’s therefore important, if you do want to claim, to contact a personal injury lawyer as soon as you are able to do so, to allow them enough time to gather the supporting evidence required to make a claim.
We understand that you may find discussing the crime against you difficult, but our team will work at a pace that suits you. It is only right that you should receive the compensation that is available to you but if you have any concerns at all, please call one of our specially trained advisers.
How Do I Make A Rape Victim Compensation Claim?
If you decide to claim for compensation because of the rape against you then the best thing to do is to call us, using the contact details at the bottom of this guide. We have a team of advisers who will offer free legal advice on what to do next.
When you call, we’ll offer a free and no-obligation consultation where we’ll discuss the claims that you’re making, the crime that happened against you, the injuries you sustained and how it’s affected you.
Following this we’ll be able to advise you, honestly and openly, whether or not you have a good chance of receiving compensation. We’ll also be able to provide an estimate of how much you could be entitled to.
No Win No Fee Compensation Claims For Rape And Sexual Assault Victims
Many victims of rape don’t want to deal with a compensation claim because of the stress and financial risk involved in making a case.
That’s why, here at Advice.co.uk, we only work with no win no fee solicitors who are specialists in making personal injury claims. We believe no win no fee removes the stress and risk from claiming and many of our clients tell us that, had no win no fee not been available, they wouldn’t have risked making a claim.
When you use a no win no fee solicitor, you sign a Conditional Fee Agreement (CFA) which states that, if the solicitor loses the case then you don’t have to pay them for their service.
It also states a success fee which is a percentage of your compensation (a maximum of 25%) which is what they’ll retain from your compensation if they win compensation for you.
It does mean that you have to give them some of your compensation, but the other option is to pay a solicitor for all of their time, receive 100% compensation if they win, but you still have to pay their fees if they lose the case.
How Our Team Can Advise You Further
Advice.co.uk offer free legal advice prior to your case and during it so that you can have any questions you may have answered correctly. We believe it’s vital that you know where you stand legally prior to any claim and we’re always happy to help.
Our team are friendly, professional and will honestly assess your claim and let you know whether you have a good chance of claiming compensation or not.
If you decide to use our service, then we’ll take you through the following process:
|Step One: Get in touch with our team via email, phone or our live chat.||Step Two: We’ll assess your claim with you.||Step Three: When you’re ready, we’ll commence your claim for you.|
Get Advice From Our Experts
We hope that you have found the information in this guide useful and informative and are now happy to contact Advice.co.uk to begin your rape compensation claim.
Remember that we can help victims of rape from any part of the UK and will only provide solicitors who offer no win no fee agreements. We are specialists in making personal injury claims and would be more than happy to assist you with your claim.
If you’d like to contact us today, you can by:
- Call one of our advisers on 0161 696 9685 and we’ll start to work with you straight away.
- Send an email to the team using firstname.lastname@example.org and we’ll get back to you.
- Or fill in this online form and we’ll make contact with you when it is convenient.
We do understand how personal the crime against you was and that talking about it to a stranger is probably not going to be easy for you. We will not put you under any pressure and we’ll provide a free, no-obligation, consultation where you can tell us about your claim at your own pace.
Additional Advice And Information
Hopefully, now that you’ve read this complete guide, you understand how much compensation for rape victims can be awarded and are in a position to decide if you want to make a claim or not.
For further information, we’ve provided the following articles and websites which may be useful to you:
NHS Help After Rape – an NHS guide providing advice about the support available following rape and sexual assaults.
Rape Crisis – A UK charity offering support and counselling for people affected by rape.
Sexual Assault Statistics – the 2017 statistics from the government’s Office for National Statistics (ONS)
If you require any further information, please either browse the rest of this site which is full of useful guides or call one of our personal injury advisers who will happily provide you with the latest legal advice.