How Do You Prove A Car Accident Wasn’t Your Fault?

By Cat Grayson. Last Updated 2nd February 2024. Whether you sustain injuries in a rear-end shunt, an overtaking accident or a head-on collision, if the accident wasn’t your fault, you could claim compensation. But how do you prove a car accident wasn’t your fault if there aren’t any witnesses, or the other driver won’t admit fault? Can you still claim compensation in a car accident where no one admits fault and, if so, what evidence would you need?

  • We have created this guide to answer some frequently asked questions such as:
  • What are the car accident fault determination rules in the UK?
  • Do I have to declare an accident if it wasn’t my fault?
  • How do you prove someone backed into your car?
  • Do I have to pay the excess if it is not my fault?

Contact Our Team

We also provide insight into how to calculate compensation payouts for personal injury claims, as well as the benefits of using a personal injury lawyer to help you claim. If you have any questions while reading this guide or would like to benefit from the free legal advice of our expert advisors, please call 0161 696 9685 to speak to our team. They could even help you begin your claim by connecting you with a personal injury lawyer who could help you.

How do you prove a car accident wasnt your fault guide

How do you prove a car accident wasn’t your fault?

Select A Section

  1. How Do You Prove A Car Accident Wasn’t Your Fault?
  2. When Can You Claim For A Car Accident That Was Not Your Fault?
  3. Calculate Car Accident Compensation Settlements
  4. Claiming For A Car Accident – No Win No Fee Solicitors
  5. More Information On How To Prove A Car Accident Wasn’t Your Fault

How Do You Prove A Car Accident Wasn’t Your Fault?

If you want to make a road traffic accident claim, you need to make sure you have sufficient evidence. This is crucial, as collecting evidence can help you prove that the car accident was not your fault. It can also help you demonstrate who is responsible for your injuries, and how they will affect you going forwards.

Some examples of evidence that you could collect include:

  • Medical records: These can be used as medical evidence, and can help illustrate the severity of your injuries and the treatment you have received and will need to recover.
  • Police reports: If the accident was reported to the police, the report can be used as evidence of what happened and how the accident occurred.
  • Photographs: Taking photographs of the scene of the accident and of your injuries can be helpful, as it can prove the severity of the collision.
  • Witness statements: If you take the statements of potential witnesses, this means that their statements can be taken by a professional at a later date.
  • Video footage: this can be from a dashcam or CCTV that shows of the accident occurred.

These are just a few ways that you could help prove your personal injury claim. If you choose to work with a No Win No Fee solicitor, they can help you collect evidence and strengthen your case. Get in touch with our advisors today to learn more about how a solicitor from our panel could help you.

A front-on picture of a red car with a dented and shattered front fender on a white background

When Can You Claim For A Car Accident That Was Not Your Fault?

If you have been injured in a road traffic accident and the other driver is at fault, you could make a claim. For all road traffic accident claims, you need to prove that you were injured due to another road user breaching their duty of care.

What Is A Duty Of Care?

All road users owe a duty of care. As part of their duty of care, road users must ensure that they are using the roads safely and responsibly and follow the rules that are set out for them in the Road Traffic Act 1988 and the Highway Code. If another driver were to breach their duty of care, this could cause an accident where you are injured. For example, you could suffer from a broken leg following a car crash.

Evidence is crucial for proving liability in car accident claims, especially if the other driver is not admitting their fault for the accident. Later in this guide, we will provide some of the evidence you could collect to prove liability and help support your claim. Additionally, we will share the potential compensation you could receive following a successful personal injury claim.

If you’ve had a car accident that wasn’t your fault, call us today. Our team of advisors could offer you free legal advice regarding your specific claim and answer any of the questions you may have. If our advisors believe that you may be eligible for compensation, they could connect you with our panel of solicitors.

A man in a business suit crouches beside a damage car and holds his neck in pain

Time Limit For Claiming For A Car Accident That Wasn’t Your Fault

Under the Limitation Act 1980, there is a time limit for starting a personal injury claim for incidents such as car accidents. The standard time limit is three years. This starts from the date of the incident that caused the injuries you wish to claim for.

Are There Exceptions To This Limit?

If the victim of a car accident is a child, then the three-year time limit for starting a claim does not start for them until the day of their 18th birthday. A representative close to the child (such as a parent) could potentially claim on their behalf while they cannot do so by serving as their litigation friend.

A time limit for starting a claim is indefinitely suspended for as long as the victim of a car accident lacks sufficient mental capacity to make their own claim. A claim could potentially be started on their behalf by a litigation friend.

A grey car with one door open sits damaged on a patch of grass beside a road

Calculate Car Accident Compensation Settlements

If you would like to know how courts and solicitors calculate compensation payouts, you might be surprised to learn that they don’t use a personal injury claims calculator to do so. Instead, they carefully assess all the circumstances, facts and evidence of the case, including the medical report. You would have to obtain a medical report by visiting an independent doctor. They would review any appropriate medical records and examine you.

Following your examination, they would write a medical report detailing your injuries and your prognosis. The report should also conclude whether your injuries were at least worsened—if not caused—by the accident. (If the report doesn’t link your injuries to the accident at all, it may affect your claim.) If you choose to use the services of a solicitor, they may use that report to help them value your injuries.

Pain And Suffering Settlement Examples In The UK

Various factors will affect how much you could receive for your pain and suffering, which is compensated for under general damages. For example, the medical report you acquire can play an important role.

There are personal injury compensation guidelines in UK claims that can be referred to when valuing an injury. For claims made in England and Wales, legal professionals use the Judicial College Guidelines (JCG).

We have used the JCG to create a table that shows you bracketed pain and suffering settlement examples for UK claims. However, these figures are not guaranteed. Your final award would be shaped by any supporting evidence you could provide of how your injuries affected your life. Please note that the first entry of this table hasn’t been taken from the JCG.

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Injury Severity Notes Amount
Multiple Serious Injuries And Special Damages Serious Multiple serious injuries combined with financial losses, such as lost earnings and pension contributions, home adjustments, and prescriptions. Up to £1,000,000+
Back Severe (i) The spinal cord and nerve roots have been damaged which will lead to severe consequences with serious pain. £91,090 to £160,980
Back Moderate (i) A crush or compression fracture of the lumbar vertebrae that causes constant pain and discomfort with a risk of osteoarthritis. £27,760 to £38,780
Arm Severe An arm injury that has fallen short of requiring amputation but has left the person little better off than if it had been amputated. £96,160 to £130,930
Pelvis/Hips Severe (i) An extensive pelvis fracture with the lower back joint being dislocated and the bladder ruptured. £78,400 to £130,930
Leg Very Serious (ii) The person will suffer with permanent mobility issues and will depend on crutches/mobility aids for the rest of their life. £54,830 to £87,890
Leg Moderate (iv) Multiple or complicated fractures or a severe crush injury to one leg. £27,760 to £39,200
Neck Severe (iii) Ruptured tendons, severe soft-tissue damage, fractures or dislocations that lead to a permanent disability. £45,470 to £55,990
Whiplash Involving one or multiple whiplash injuries. Injuries last between 18 to 24 months. £4,215
Whiplash Where one or more whiplash injuries have occurred with minor mental health harm. Injuries are felt for 15 to 18 months. £3,100

We go into more detail about the other forms of compensation you could seek in the following section. However, you can reach out to one of our advisers for a direct and free compensation estimate and consultation at any time.

Can You Claim Special Damages For An Accident That Wasn’t Your Fault?

You might also be eligible for special damages if your claim for car accident compensation succeeds. Special damages are aimed at the financial losses you suffer as a direct result of your injuries. For example, this heading could potentially cover the cost of:

  • Housekeeping
  • Home adjustments
  • Mobility aids
  • Childcare
  • Travel
  • Prescriptions 
  • Lost earnings

However, similarly to proving who was at fault in the car accident, you will have to provide evidence of your monetary losses. Because of this, keeping any relevant bills or receipts could be helpful.

For more information on what you could claim if you were injured in an accident that wasn’t your fault, contact our team today.

A small white car rear-ending a larger, red car on a busy city street

The Car Accident Was Not My Fault – What Is The Whiplash Reform Programme

Are you wondering, ‘the car accident was not my fault – what is the Whiplash Reform Programme (WRP) and does it apply to me?’ In this section, we’ll discuss everything you need to know about the WRP and the eligibility requirements.

The WRP was introduced after the Whiplash Injury Regulations 2021 was implemented and deals with whiplash claims that are valued under £,5000 or when a claim’s total value is £10,000 or less.

To claim through the WRP, the following criteria apply:

  • Your car accident happened on 31st May 2021 or afterwards
  • Any injuries you sustained were minor
  • You were the driver or a passenger in the vehicle
  • You were 18 years-old or above when the accident happened

You can check the table in our compensation section above for examples of whiplash injury settlements.

We hope this answers the question, ‘I had a road traffic accident that was not my fault – what is the Whiplash Reform Programme?’ Continue reading to find out what details to take in a car accident.

how do you prove a car accident wasn't your fault

How Do You Prove That A Car Accident Was Not Your Fault?

Claiming For A Car Accident – No Win No Fee Solicitors

Working with a solicitor on your claim can be helpful if the other driver won’t admit fault. A solicitor can help you gather evidence to prove that the other driver is liable for the accident, for example, by talking to witnesses and taking their statements.

Our panel of solicitors offer their representation on a No Win No Fee basis through a Conditional Fee Agreement (CFA). Under this kind of contract, your solicitor won’t ask for an upfront fee to begin working on your claim, nor will they take a fee for their continued services. Alongside this, if your claim fails, no fee will be taken for your solicitor’s work.

You are only required to pay a success fee to your solicitor if your claim succeeds. In this case, a small percentage will be deducted directly from your compensation. This percentage has a legal cap, ensuring that you keep the majority of your settlement award.

Contact Us Today

To find out if a solicitor from our panel could help you claim for a car accident that was not your fault, get in touch with our team of advisors today:

A man's hand reaches out to touch a dented and scratched fender, covered in mud on a white car

More Information On How To Prove A Car Accident Wasn’t Your Fault

  • What Happens If Your Whiplash Claim Is Refused?: This guide explains situations in which a liable party could dispute or refuse a whiplash claim. It offers guidance on what to do if this happens to you.
  • Claiming As An Injured Passenger: If you sustain injuries while you are a passenger in someone else’s vehicle, this guide could offer useful guidance.
  • General Car Accident Claims Advice: While the above guide focussed on answer the question of ‘How do you prove a car accident wasn’t your fault?’, this guide offers general guidance on claiming.
  • Advice on whether you could still make a claim for your injuries if you were not wearing a seatbelt in a car accident.
  • Statistics For Car Accidents In The UK: The UK Government provides statistics relating to road traffic accidents. You can find the latest statistics here.
  • Road Safety Reports: If you’re interested in learning more about road safety and common causes of accidents, this guide could be useful.
  • Vehicle Insurance: This Government guide offers information on vehicle insurance and what to do if you’re involved in a road accident.

Two silver cars involved in a read end crash with a destroyed hood

Other Car Accident Claim Guides