A Guide About The Main Causes Of Pedestrian Accidents

As they are not protected by a vehicle, pedestrians are some of the most vulnerable road users. Under rules 204 and 205 of the Highway Code, pedestrians should be afforded extra care. If they are struck by a vehicle, they could suffer serious injuries or even be killed. If you have been knocked over by a vehicle whilst crossing the road, on a pavement or at a pedestrian crossing, you could make a pedestrian accident claim. In this guide we look at the possible causes of pedestrian accidents and when you could be eligible to claim compensation.

We look at pedestrian accident statistics, how to prevent accidents and the criteria your claim will need to meet. We also look at the evidence supporting pedestrian accident claims and how compensation is calculated if your case is a success. Finally, we show you how a No Win No Fee solicitor from our panel could help you.

If after reading our guide you have any further questions or are ready to start your claim, you can contact our team.

A woman laying on the ground at a pedestrian crossing after being in a road traffic accident

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What Are The Main Causes Of Pedestrian Accidents?

In this section we will outline the main causes of pedestrian accidents in Great Britain. To do so, we will use Department for Transport (DfT) statistics on reported road casualties covering 2022.

In 2022, there were 385 pedestrians killed on the roads in Great Britain. A further 5,901 people suffered a serious injury, and 13,041 suffered slight injuries.

Firstly, we should note that other road users (such as drivers, motorbike riders, etc) are not always at fault for accidents involving pedestrians. From 2018 to 2022, the most common contributory factors leading to fault pedestrian accidents are:

  • Pedestrians failing to look properly,
  • Pedestrians being reckless, careless or in a hurry.
  • A pedestrian failing to judge the speed or path of a vehicle.

These factors are responsible for

Pedestrian accident statistics

If a pedestrian was at fault and caused the accident, they will not be able to make a claim against any driver involved in the accident. However, if a driver was partially at fault or fully at fault, you could claim for a pedestrian injury.

The most common causes of pedestrian accidents where a driver may be at fault were:

  • The driver failed to look properly.
  • The driver (or a rider) acted carelessly.
  • A driver or rider failed to judge the speed or path of a pedestrian.

These factors are responsible for:

Pedestrian injury statistics

Next we will look deeper at pedestrian accident statistics by type of road user and age group.

More Statistics About Pedestrian Accidents

Road traffic accidents can also cause fatal injuries to pedestrians. Using DfT statistics on casualties and casualty rates we can see that between 1979 and 2022,

the number of those under the age of 15 who have been involved in fatal pedestrian accidents has significantly fallen.

Taking statistics for recent years, we can see that the number of pedestrian fatalities for those aged 0-15 were:

  • 5,426 in 2018,
  • 5,200 in 2019,
  • 3,487 in 2020,
  • 4,301 in 2021,
  • 4,907 in 2022.

These fatal injuries may involve a pedestrian being hit at a junction, whilst crossing the road, in a vehicle or in other types of road traffic accidents.

Next, we will look at how pedestrian accidents may be prevented. Find out when and how you could claim for fatal pedestrian accidents by contacting our team.

How Can The Causes Of Pedestrian Accidents Be Prevented?

Now that we have examined the main causes of pedestrian accidents (whether caused by a pedestrian or another road user), we will examine how such accidents can be prevented.

Whether a pedestrian, the driver of a car or a cyclist, all road users owe each other a duty of care. Road users should act responsibly and ensure the safety of other road users. They should not act in a way that could risk causing injury to themselves or other road users.

All road users must adhere to the Road Traffic Act 1988 as well as the rules and guidance in The Highway Code.

Steps that can be taken to prevent pedestrian injuries include:

  • Cross the road at pedestrian crossings or find a safe place to cross.
  • Look and listen for traffic before crossing the road.
  • Wait for vehicles to stop before walking into the road at a crossing.
  • Wear visible, bright or high-vis clothing when it is dark.

You can learn more about pedestrian safety in The Highway Code rules for pedestrians. This NHS resource also contains guidance on safely crossing the road. A solicitor from our panel could help you claim compensation for a pedestrian accident.

Drivers should also be aware of pedestrians walking across the road and on the pavement.

An ambulance worker attends to an injured man and covers him in a blanket.

Could You Claim Compensation For A Pedestrian Accident?

In order to claim for a pedestrian injury, you need to show that another road user was at fault or partially at fault in a split liability claim for your injuries. You need to show that:

  • Another road user owed you a duty of care (as discussed above).
  • That they negligently breached this duty of care. They may have been driving without due care and attention.
  • That you were injured as a result of this breach, such as the driver striking you.

Examples of when you could make a pedestrian accident claim against a driver include:

  • Where a pedestrian was hit by a bus as it pulled into a bus stop, mounted the pavement and struck them.
  • Where a driver sped through a red light, hitting a pedestrian.
  • A driver reversing out of a driveway without checking for pedestrians on the pavement, striking someone.
  • A driver in a car park may not pay due care and attention whilst parking or exiting a parking space and hit a pedestrian.

These are just some examples of the causes of pedestrian accidents. For more information on pedestrian accident claims, please contact our team.

Evidence That Shows The Causes Of Pedestrian Accidents

In most instances, when making a pedestrian accident claim, you will need to show proof of how the defendant was at fault.

Evidence which could help could include:

  • Video footage (such as that from a dashcam or CCTV) shows the incident taking place.
  • Photos of the scene of the accident, damage to vehicles involved and injuries suffered.
  • Police reports which show the cause of the incident.
  • Photos of the injury over time.
  • Copies of your medical records. These will contain diagnosis of your injuries as well as what treatment you had and your prognosis.
  • Details of anyone who witnessed the accident taking place.
  • Records of the financial impact. This could include invoices for medical care.

Learn more about proving pedestrian accident compensation claims by contacting an advisor.

A motorcycle lays in the road in front of a car.

What Happens If A Pedestrian Caused The Accident?

As we have highlighted, in order to make a personal injury claim you need to be able to show that another party was either at fault or partially at fault for the accident and your injuries. For example, if you were hit as a result of careless or distracted driving.

If you caused the accident and another party was not at fault, you may not be able to make a compensation claim.

For more information on how much may be awarded for pedestrian accident compensation claims, please contact our team.

Why Make A No Win No Fee Pedestrian Accident Claim?

Now that we have looked at causes of pedestrian accidents as well as when you could claim, we look at the role of a No Win No Fee solicitor in helping you claim.

At Advice.co.uk a solicitor from our panel could help you to make a pedestrian accident compensation claim on a No Win No Fee basis. This means that they will not ask you to pay upfront for their services or make any payments towards their services during the claims process. Instead, you will only need to pay if you win your claim.

If you win your case you will need to pay a success fee. This is a percentage of your settlement. The maximum percentage which can be charged is limited legally.

Contact today to start your free consultation:

A judge's gavel is on a wooden desk.

More Information About Pedestrian Accident Claims



We hope our guide to the causes of pedestrian accidents and when you could claim compensation has helped you. For more information, please contact us today.